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B.S. Richards, A. Boehm, A. Grimm "Photovoltaic modules with improved quantum effciency" (WO/2008/110567) (RG).

A.Turshatov, B.S. Richards, I. Howard "New medium for TTA-photon upconversion in polymer host matrix" (15002954.4-1355, led on 16 Oct 2015).

Journal Articles - KIT

Facile loading of thin-film surface-anchored metal-organic frameworks with Lewis-base guest molecules.
Baroni, N.; Turshatov, A.; Oldenburg, M.; Busko, D.; Adams, M.; Haldar, R.; Welle, A.; Redel, E.; Wöll, C.; Richards, B. S.; Howard, I. A.
2017. Materials chemistry frontiers, 1 (9), 1888-1894. doi:10.1039/C7QM00142H
Up-Conversion Fluorescent Labels for Plastic Recycling: A Review.
Gao, G.; Turshatov, A.; Howard, I. A.; Busko, D.; Joseph, R.; Hudry, D.; Richards, B. S.
2017. Advanced Sustainable Systems, 1 (5), Art.Nr. 1600033. doi:10.1002/adsu.201600033
Infiltrated photonic crystals for light-trapping in CuInSe₂ nanocrystal-based solar cells.
Dottermusch, S.; Quintilla, A.; Gomard, G.; Roslizar, A.; Voggu, V. R.; Simonsen, B. A.; Park, J. S.; Pernik, D. R.; Korgel, B. A.; Paetzold, U. W.; Richards, B. S.
2017. Optics express, 25 (12), A502-A514. doi:10.1364/OE.25.00A502
Room-Temperature High-Efficiency Solid-State Triplet-Triplet Annihilation Up-Conversion in Amorphous Poly(olefin sulfone)s.
Turshatov, A.; Busko, D.; Kiseleva, N.; Grage, S. L.; Howard, I. A.; Richards, B. S.
2017. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 9 (9), 8280-8286. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b12625
Investigation of Host Polymers for Luminescent Solar Concentrators.
Zettl, M.; Mayer, O.; Klampaftis, E.; Richards, B. S.
2016. Energy technology, 5 (7), 1037-1044. doi:10.1002/ente.201600498
Hexagonal arrays of round-head silicon nanopillars for surface anti-reflection applications.
Yan, W.; Dottermusch, S.; Reitz, C.; Richards, B. S.
2016. Applied physics letters, 109 (14), 143901. doi:10.1063/1.4963912
Bioinspired Superhydrophobic Highly Transmissive Films for Optical Applications.
Vüllers, F.; Gomard, G.; Preinfalk, J. B.; Klampaftis, E.; Worgull, M.; Richards, B.; Hölscher, H.; Kavalenka, M. N.
2016. Small. doi:10.1002/smll.201601443
Photon Upconversion at Crystalline Organic-Organic Heterojunctions.
Oldenburg, M.; Turshatov, A.; Busko, D.; Wollgarten, S.; Adams, M.; Baroni, N.; Welle, A.; Redel, E.; Wöll, C.; Richards, B. S.; Howard, I. A.
2016. Advanced materials, 28 (38), 8477-8482. doi:10.1002/adma.201601718
Spectroscopy and near infrared upconversion of Er³⁺-doped TZNT glasses.
Venkata Krishnaiah, K.; Marques-Hueso, J.; Suresh, K.; Venkataiah, G.; Richards, B. S.; Jayasankar, C. K.
2016. Journal of Luminescence, 169, 270-276. doi:10.1016/j.jlumin.2015.08.035
Highly efficient upconversion in Er3+ doped BaY2F8 single crystals: Dependence of quantum yield on excitation wavelength and thickness.
Boccolini, A.; Favilla, E.; Tonelli, M.; Richards, B. S.; Thomson, R. R.
2015. Optics Express, 23 (15), A903-A915. doi:10.1364/OE.23.00A903
Enhanced energy conversion of up-conversion solar cells by the integration of compound parabolic concentrating optics.
Arnaoutakis, G. E.; Marques-Hueso, J.; Ivaturi, A.; Fischer, S.; Goldschmidt, J. C.; Kraemer, K. W.; Richards, B. S.
2015. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 140, 217-223. doi:10.1016/j.solmat.2015.04.020
Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Impact of solar irradiance fluctuations on performance of a brackish water reverse osmosis system.
Richards, B. S.; Capao, D. P. S.; Früh, W. G.; Schäfer, A. I.
2015. Separation and Purification Technology, 156, 379-390. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2015.10.025
Integrating photovoltaic cells into decorative architectural glass using traditonal glass-painting techniques and fluorescent dyes.
Hardy, D. A.; Roaf, S. C.; Richards, B. S.
2015. International journal of sustainable development and planning, 10, 863-879. doi:10.2495/SDP-V10-N6-863-879
Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Fluoride removal in a rural community in northern Tanzania.
Shen, J.; Mkongo, G.; Abbt-Braun, G.; Ceppi, S. L.; Richards, B. S.; Schäfer, A. I.
2015. Separation and Purification Technology, 149, 349-361. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2015.05.027
Photonic crystal-driven spectral concentration for upconversion photovoltaics.
Marques-Hueso, J.; Peretti, R.; Abargues, R.; Richards, B. S.; Seassal, C.; Martinez-Pastor, J. P.
2015. Advanced Optical Materials, 3 (4), 568-574. doi:10.1002/adom.201400402
Integration of color and graphical design for photovoltaic modules using luminescent materials.
Klampaftis, E.; Ross, D.; Kocher-Oberlehner, G.; Richards, B. S.
2015. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 5, 584-590. doi:10.1109/JPHOTOV.2015.2392934
Broadband near-infrared luminescence and visible upconversion of Er³⁺-doped Tungstate-Tellurite glasses.
Krishnaiah, K. V.; Venkataiah, G.; Marques-Hueso, J.; Dharmaiah, P.; Jayasankar, C. K.; Richards, B. S.
2015. Science of Advanced Materials, 7 (2), 345-353. doi:10.1166/sam.2015.2027
Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Technology: A Leapfrog Approach to Rural Water Supply Technologies in Developing Countries?.
Schäfer, A. I.; Hughes, G.; Richards, B. S.
2014. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, (40), 542 - 556. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.164
External thermalization of carriers with luminescent down shifting for lower operating solar cell temperature.
Alonso-Alvarez, D.; Klampaftis, E.; Ross, D.; Richards, B. S.
2014. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 4, 1532-1537. doi:10.1109/JPHOTOV.2014.2356398
Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Safe operating window of a brackish water desalination system.
Richards, B. S.; Park, G. L.; Pietzsch, T.; Schäfer, A. I.
2014. Journal of Membrane Science, 468, 400-409. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2014.05.053
Measurement procedure for absolute broadband infrared up-conversion photoluminescent quantum yields: Correcting for absorption/re-emission.
MacDougall, S. K. W.; Ivaturi, A.; Marques-Hueso, J.; Richards, B. S.
2014. Review of Scientific Instruments, 85, 063109/1-8. doi:10.1063/1.4881537
Broadband photoluminescent quantum yield optimisation of Er³⁺-doped β-NaYF₄ for upconversion in silicon solar cells.
MacDougall, S. K. W.; Ivaturi, A.; Marques-Huesoa, J.; Krämer, K. W.; Richards, B. S.
2014. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 128, 18-26. doi:10.1016/j.solmat.2014.05.004

Journal Articles

  1. P. Etchegoin, A. Fainstein, A.A. Sirenko, B. Koopmans, B.S. Richards, P.V. Santos, M. Cardona, K. Totenmeyer, K. Eberl (1996) Optics of multiple quantum wells uniaxially stressed along the growth axis, Physical Review B, 53(20), 13662–13671 (RG).
  2. D. Toet, B. Koopmans, P.V. Santos, R.B. Bergmann, B.S. Richards (1996) Growth of polycrystalline silicon on glass by selective laser-induced nucleation, Appl. Phys. Letters, 69(24), 3719–3721.
  3. B. Koopmans, B.S. Richards, P.V. Santos, K. Eberl, M. Cardona (1996) In-plane optical anisotropy of GaAs/AlAs multiple quantum wells probed by microscopic reflectance difference spectroscopy, Applied Physics Letters, 69(6), 782–784 (RG).
  4. D. Toet, B. Koopmans, R.B. Bergmann, B.S. Richards, P.V. Santos, M. Albrecht, J. Krinke (1997) Large area polycrystalline silicon thin films grown by laser-induced nucleation and solid phase crystallization, Thin Solid Films, 296, 49–52 (RG).
  5. C.B. Honsberg, J.E. Cotter, K.R. McIntosh, S. Pritchard, B.S. Richards, S.R. Wenham, (1999), Design strategies for commercial solar cells using the buried contact technology, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 46(10): 1984–1992.
  6. B.S. Richards, J.E. Cotter, C.B. Honsberg, (2002) Enhancing the surface passivation of TiO2 coated silicon wafers, Applied Physics Letters, 80(7): 1123–1125 (RG).
  7. B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2002) Design Considerations for a Solar-powered Desalination System for Remote Communities in Australia, Desalination, 144, 193–199 (RG).
  8. B.S. Richards, S.F. Rowlands, C.B. Honsberg, J.E. Cotter (2003) TiO2 DLAR Coatings for Planar Silicon Solar Cells, Progress in Photovoltaics, 11(1), 27–32 (RG).
  9. B.S. Richards (2003) Single-Material TiO2 Double-Layer Antireflection Coatings, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 79(3), 369–390 (RG).
  10. B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2003) Photovoltaic-powered Desalination System for Remote Australian Communities, Renewable Energy, 28, 2013–2022 (RG).
  11. B.S. Richards, S.F. Rowlands, A. Ueranatasun, J.E. Cotter, C.B. Honsberg (2004) Potential cost reduction of buried-contact solar cells through the use of titanium dioxide thin films, Solar Energy, 76(1-3), 269–276 (RG).
  12. B.S. Richards, A. Lambertz, A.B. Sproul (2004) Determination of the Optical Properties of Non-Uniformly Thick Non-Hydrogenated Sputtered Silicon Thin Films on Glass, Thin Solid Films, 460, 247–255 (RG).
  13. B.S. Richards, S.R. Richards, M.B. Boreland, D.N. Jamieson (2004) High Temperature Processing of TiO2 Thin Films for Application in Silicon Solar Cells, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 22(2), 339–348 (RG).
  14. B.S. Richards (2004) Comparison of TiO2 and other Dielectric Coatings for Buried-Contact Solar Cells: A Review, Progress in Photovoltaics, 12, 253–281 (RG).
  15. A.I. Sch¨afer, C. Remy, B.S. Richards (2004) Performance of a small solar-powered hybrid membrane system for remote communities under varying feedwater salinities, Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 4(56), 233-243 (RG).
  16. A. Shalav, B.S. Richards, T. Trupke, K.W. Kra¨mer, H.U. Gu¨del (2005) The application of NaYF4:Er3+ up-converting phosphors for enhanced near-infrared silicon solar cell response, Applied Physics Letters, 86, 013505 (RG).
  17. B.S. Richards, A. Shalav (2005) The Role of Polymers in the Luminescence Conversion of Sunlight for Enhanced Solar Cell Performance, Synthetic Metals, 154, 61–64 (RG).
  18. B.S. Richards, N.T.P. Huong, A. Crosky (2005) Highly Porous Nanocluster TiO2 Films Deposited using APCVD in an Excess of Water Vapor, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 152(7), F71–F74 (RG).
  19. L. Masson, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2005) System Design and Performance Testing of a Hybrid Membrane Photovoltaic Desalination System, Desalination, 179(1-3), 51–59 (RG).
  20. A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards (2005) Testing of a Hybrid Membrane System for Groundwater Desalination in an Australian National Park, Desalination, 183, 55–62 (RG).
  21. A.I. Sch¨afer, A. Broeckmann, B.S. Richards (2005) Membranes and Renewable Energy - A new Era of Sustainable Development for Developing Countries, Membrane Technology, November issue, 6-10 (RG).
  22. B.S. Richards (2006) Luminescent Layers for Enhanced Silicon Solar Cell Performance: Down-Conversion, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 90, 1189-1207 (RG).
  23. G. Conibeer, M. Green, R. Corkish, Y. Cho, E.-C. Cho, C.-W. Jiang, T. Fangsuwannarak, E. Pink, Y. Huang, T. Puzzer, T. Trupke, B. Richards, A. Shalav, K.-L. Lin (2006) Silicon nanostructures for third generation photovoltaic solar cells, Thin Solid Films, 511–512: 654–662.
  24. B.S. Richards (2006) Enhancing the performance of silicon solar cells via the application of passive luminescence conversion layers, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 90, 2329-2337 (RG).
  25. B.S. Richards, M.E. Watt (2007) Dispelling a Myth of Photovoltaics via the Adoption of a New Net Energy Indicator, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(1), 162–172 (RG).
  26. M. Ionescu, B. Richards, K. McIntosh, R. Siegele, E. Stelcer, O. Hawas, D. Cohen, T. Chandra (2006) Hydrogen measurements in SiNx:H/Si thin films by ERDA, Materials Science Forum, 539-543, 3551–3556.
  27. T. Trupke, A. Shalav, B.S. Richards, P. Wu¨rfel, M.A. Green (2006) Efficiency enhancement of solar cells by luminescent up-conversion of sunlight, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 90(18-19), 3327–3338 (RG).
  28. B.S. Richards, G.J. Conibeer (2007) A Comparison of Hydrogen Storage Technologies for Solar-Powered Stand Alone Power Supplies: A Photovoltaic System Sizing Approach, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32(14), 2712–2718 (RG).
  29. B.S. Richards, K.R. McIntosh (2007) Overcoming the Poor Short-Wavelength Spectral Response of CdS/CdTe Photovoltaic Modules via Luminescence Down-Shifting: Ray-Tracing Simulations, Progress in Photovoltaics, 15(1), 27–34 (RG).
  30. G.J. Conibeer, B.S. Richards (2007) A comparison of PV/electrolyser and photoelectrolytic technologies for use in solar to hydrogen energy storage systems, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32(14), 2703–2711 (RG).
  31. A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards (2007) From Concept to Commercialization: Student Learning in a Sustainable Engineering Innovation Project, European Journal of Engineering Education, 32(2), 1–23 (RG).
  32. B.S. Richards, A. Shalav (2007) Enhancing the near-infrared spectral response of silicon optoelectronic devices via up-conversion, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 54(10), 2679–2684 (RG).
  33. A.I. Sch¨afer, A. Broeckmann, B.S. Richards (2007) Renewable energy powered membrane technology. 1. Development and characterization of a photovoltaic hybrid membrane system, Environmental Science & Technology, 41, 998–1003 (RG).
  34. A. Shalav, B.S. Richards, M.A. Green (2007) Luminescent layers for enhanced silicon solar cell performance: Up-conversion, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 91(9), 829–842 (RG).
  35. K.R. McIntosh, N. Yamada, B.S. Richards (2007) Theoretical Comparison of Cylindrical and Planar Luminescent Solar Concentrators, Applied Physics B, 88(2), 285–290 (RG).
  36. P. Corbett, S. Kerr, B. Richards, J. Side, D. Davies (2007) Petroleum industry and renewables, First Break, 25, 11–17 (RG).
  37. B.S. Richards, D.P.S. Cap˜ao, A.I. Sch¨afer (2008) Renewable energy powered membrane technology. 2. The effect of energy fluctuations on performance of a photovoltaic hybrid membrane system, Environmental Science & Technology, 42, 4563-4569 (RG).
  38. B.B. Paudyal, K.R. McIntosh, D.H. Macdonald, B.S. Richards, R.A. Sinton (2008) The implementation of temperature control to an inductive-coil photoconductance instrument for the range of 0 to 230C, Progress in Photovoltaics, 16(7), 609–613 (RG).
  39. B.C. Rowan, L.R. Wilson, B.S. Richards (2008) Advanced material concepts for luminescent solar concentrators, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 14(5), 1312–1322 (Invited paper) (RG).
  40. M.G. Debije, P.P.C. Verbunt, B.C. Rowan, B.S. Richards, T. Hoeks (2008) Measured surface loss from luminescent solar concentrator waveguides, Applied Optics, 47(36), 6763-6768 (RG).
  41. L.R. Wilson, B.S. Richards (2009) Measurement method for photoluminescent quantum yields of fluorescent organic dyes in polymethyl methacrylate for luminescent solar concentrators, Applied Optics 48(2), 212–220 (RG).
  42. K.R. McIntosh, G. Lau, J.N. Cotsell, K. Hanton, D.L. Btzner, F. Bettiol, B.S. Richards (2009) Increase in external quantum efficiency of encapsulated silicon solar cells from a luminescent down-shifting layer, Progress in Photovoltaics, 17, 191-197 (RG).
  43. E.K. Klampaftis, D. Ross, K.R. McIntosh, B.S. Richards (2009) Enhancing the performance of solar cells via luminescent down-shifting of the incident spectrum: A review, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 93, 1182–1194 (RG).
  44. O. Moudam, B.C. Rowan, M. Alamiry, P. Richardson, B.S. Richards, A. Jones, N. Robertson (2009) Europium complexes with high fluorescence quantum yields in solution and in PMMA, Chemical Communications 2009, 6649-6651 (RG).
  45. A.I. Sch¨afer, H.M.A. Rossiter, P.A. Owusu, B.S. Richards, E. Awuah (2009) Physico-Chemical Water Quality in Ghana: Prospects for Water Supply Technology Implementation, Desalination, 248, 193–203 (RG).
  46. L.A. Richards, B.S. Richards, H.M.A. Rossiter, A.I. Sch¨afer (2009) Impact of Speciation on Fluoride, Arsenic and Magnesium Retention by Nanofiltration - Reverse Osmosis in Remote Australian Communities, Desalination, 248, 177–183 (RG).
  47. G.L. Park, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2009) Potential of Wind-Powered Renewable Energy Membrane Systems for Ghana, Desalination, 248, 169–176 (RG).
  48. A. De Munari , D.P.S. Cap˜ao, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2009) Application of Solar-Powered Desalination in a Remote Town in South Australia, Desalination, 248, 72–82 (RG).
  49. L.R. Wilson, B.C. Rowan, N. Robertson, O. Moudam, A.C. Jones, B.S. Richards (2010) Characterization and reduction of reabsorption losses in luminescent solar concentrators, Applied Optics, 49(9), 1651–1661 (RG).
  50. P. Vaqueiro, M.L. Romero, B.C. Rowan, B.S. Richards (2010) Helical and layered coordination polymers containing gallium-sulphide supertetrahedral clusters, Chemistry: A European Journal, 16(15), 4462–4465.
  51. E. Klampaftis, B.S. Richards (2011) Improvement in multi-crystalline silicon solar cell efficiency via addition of luminescent material to EVA encapsulation layer, Progress in Photovoltaics, 19(3), 345-351 (RG).
  52. M.G. Debije, P.P.C. Verbunt, P.J. Nadkarni, S. Velate, K. Bhaumik, S. Nedumbamana, B.C. Rowan, B.S. Richards, T.L. Hoeks (2011) A Promising Fluorescent Dye for Solar Energy Conversion Based on a Perylene Perinone, Applied Optics, 50(2), 163–169 (RG).
  53. L.A. Richards, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2011) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Salt and inorganic contaminant removal by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, Journal of Membrane Science, 369(1-2), 188–195 (RG).
  54. G.L. Park, A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards (2011) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: The effect of wind speed fluctuations on the performance of a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination, Journal of Membrane Science, 370(1-2), 34–44 (RG).
  55. E. Klampaftis, B.S. Richards (2011) Luminescent Encapsulation Layers for Mutlicrystalline Silicon PV Modules, Photovoltaics International 11th edition: 104–109 (RG).
  56. N. Sarmah, B.S. Richards, T.K. Mallick (2011) Evaluation and Optimisation of the Optical Performance of Low-Concentrating Dielectric Compound Parabolic Concentrator Using Ray-Tracing Methods, Applied Optics, 50(19), 3303–3310 (RG).
  57. E. Klampaftis, M. Congiu, N. Robertson, B.S. Richards (2011) Luminescent EVA Encapsulation Layers for Enhancing the Short Wavelength Spectral Response and Efficiency of Silicon PV Modules, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 1(1), 29–36 (RG).
  58. M. Bortoluzzi, G. Paolucci, S. Polizzi, L. Bellotto, F. Enrichi, S. Ciorba, B.S. Richards (2011) Photoluminescence Studies on Europium-based Scorpionate Complex, Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 14(11), 1762-1766 (RG).
  59. L.A. Richards, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2011) Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Systems: Inorganic Contaminant Removal from Australian Groundwaters, Membrane Water Treatment, 2(4), 239–250 (RG).
  60. G.L. Park, A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards (2012) Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Technology: The Effect of Intermittent Operation on a Wind-Powered Membrane System for Brackish Water Desalination, Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 65(5), 867–874 (RG).
  61. E. Klampaftis, D. Ross, S. Seyrling, A.N. Tiwari, B.S. Richards (2012) Increase in short-wavelength response of encapsulated CIGS devices by doping the encapsulation layer with luminescent material, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 101, 62-67 (RG).
  62. L.A. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards, B. Corry (2012) The importance of dehydration in determining ion transport in narrow pores, Small 8(11), 1701–1709 (RG).
  63. D. Ross, E. Klampaftis, J. Fritsche, M. Bauer, B.S. Richards (2012) Increased short-circuit current density of production line CdTe mini-module through luminescent down-shifting, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 103, 11-16 (RG).
  64. M. Bortoluzzi, G. Paolucci, M. Gatto, S. Roppa, F. Enrichi, S. Ciorba, B.S. Richards (2012) Preparation of photoluminescent PMMA doped with tris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate lanthanide complexes, Journal of Luminescence 132, 2378-2384 (RG).
  65. G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, B.S. Richards (2012) Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 104, 53-57 (RG).
  66. L.A. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards, B. Corry (2012) Quantifying barriers to anion transport in narrow pores, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(33), 11633–11638 (RG).
  67. G.L. Park, A.I. Sch¨afer, B.S. Richards (2013) Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Technology: Supercapacitors for buffering resource fluctuations in a wind-powered membrane system, Renewable Energy, 50, 126–135 (RG).
  68. S.K.W. MacDougall, A. Ivaturi, J. Marques-Hueso, K.W. Kr¨amer, B.S. Richards (2012) Ultra-high Photoluminescent Quantum Yield of NaYF4:Er3+ via Broadband Excitation for Upconversion in Photovoltaic Devices, Optics Express 20(S6) A879–A887 (RG).
  69. S.F. Mohsenpour B.S. Richards, N. Willoughby (2012) Spectral conversion of light for enhanced microalgae growth rates and photosynthetic pigment production, Bioresource Technology 125, 75-81 (RG).
  70. H. Lin, D. Chen, Y. Wang, J. Marqu´es-Hueso, B.S. Richards (2012) Tm3+- sensitized up- and down-conversion in nano-structured oxyfluoride glass ceramics for photovoltaic application, Materials Research Bulletin 47(12), 4433–4437 (RG).
  71. L.A. Richards, B.S. Richards, B. Corry, A.I. Sch¨afer (2013) Experimental Energy Barriers to Anions Transporting through Nanofiltration Membranes, Environmental Science & Technology 47(4), 1968–1976 (RG).
  72. L.A. Richards, B.S. Richards, B. Corry, A.I. Sch¨afer (2013) Response to comment on ”Experimental Energy Barriers to Anions Transporting through Nanofiltration Membranes”, Environmental Science & Technology 47(15):8987–8988 (RG).
  73. P. Malek, J.M. Ortiz, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2013) Electrodialytic removal of NaCl from water: Impacts of using pulsed electric potential on ion transport and water dissociation phenomena, Journal of Membrane Science 435, 99-109 (RG).
  74. R. Martn-Rodrguez, S. Fischer, A. Ivaturi, B. Froehlich, K.W. Kra¨mer, J.C. Goldschmidt, B.S. Richards A. Meijerink (2013) Highly efficient IR to NIR upconversion in Gd2O2S:Er3+ for photovoltaic applications, Chemistry of Materials 25(9), 1912-1921 (RG).
  75. G.E. Arnaoutakis, J. Marques-Hueso, T.K. Mallick, B.S. Richards (2013) Coupling of sunlight into optical fibres and spectral dependence for solar energy applications, Solar Energy 93, 235-243 (RG).
  76. A. Ivaturi, S.K.W. MacDougall, M. Quintanilla, R. Martn-Rodrguez, A. Meijerink, K.W. Kra¨mer, B.S. Richards (2013) Optimizing IR to NIR upconversion photoluminescent quantum yield of β-NaYF4:Er3+ in fluoropolymer matrix for photovoltaic devices, Journal of Applied Physics 114, 013505 (RG).
  77. M. Congiu, M. Alamiry, O. Moudam, S. Ciorba, P.R. Richardson, L. Maron, A.C. Jones, B.S. Richards, N. Robertson (2013) Preparation and photophysical studies of [Ln(hfac)3DPEPO], Ln = Eu, Tb, Yb, Nd, Gd; interpretation of total photoluminescence quantum yields, Dalton Transactions 42, 13537–13545.
  78. S. Fischer, A. Ivaturi, B. Frhlich, M. Ru¨diger, A. Richter, K.W. Kra¨mer, B.S. Richards, J.C. Goldschmidt (2013) Upconversion Silicon Solar Cell Devices for Efficient Utilization of Sub-Band-Gap Photons under Concentrated Solar Radiation, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 4(1), 183–189.
  79. D. Ross, D. Alonso-A´ lvarez, E. Klampaftis, J. Fritsche, M. Bauer, M.G. Debije, R.M. Fifield, B.S. Richards (2014) The Impact of Luminescent Down-Shifting on the Performance of CdTe Photovoltaics: Impact of Module Vintage, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 4(1), 457–464 (RG).
  80. A. Boccolini, J. Marques-Hueso, D. Chen, Y. Wang, B.S. Richards (2014) Physical performance limitations of luminescent down-conversion layers for photovoltaic applications, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 122, 8–14 (RG).
  81. A. Kerrouche, D.A. Hardy, D. Ross, B.S. Richards (2014) Luminescent Solar Concentrators: from Experimental Validation of 3D Ray-Tracing Simulations to Coloured Stained-Glass Windows for BIPV Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 122, 99-106 (RG).
  82. D. Alonso-A´ lvarez, E. Klampaftis, D. Ross, B.S. Richards (2014) External Thermalization of Carriers With Luminescent Down Shifting for Lower Operating Solar Cell Temperature, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 4(6): 1532–1537.
  83. D. Alonso-A´ lvarez, D. Ross, E. Klampaftis, K.R. McIntosh, J. Jia, P. Storiz, T. Stolz, B.S. Richards (2015) Luminescent down shifting for photovoltaics: comparison of ray-tracing simulations, analytical models, and experiments for mc-Si, CIGS and CdTe devices, Progress in Photovoltaics 23: 479–497 (RG).
  84. G.E. Arnaoutakis, J. Marques-Hueso, A. Ivaturi, K.W. Kra¨mer, J.C. Goldschmidt, S. Fischer, B.S. Richards (2014) Enhanced Up-conversion for Photovoltaics via Concentrating Integrated Optics, Optics Express 22(S2), A452-A464 (RG).
  85. N. Sarmah, B.S. Richards, T.K. Mallick (2014) Design, development and indoor performance analysis of a low concentrating dielectric photovoltaic module, Solar Energy 103, 390-401 (RG).
  86. A. Boccolini, J. Marques-Hueso, B.S. Richards (2014) Self-absorption in upconverter luminescent layers: impact on quantum yield measurements and on designing optimized photovoltaic devices, Optics Letters 39(10), 2904-2907 (RG).
  87. S.K.W. MacDougall, A. Ivaturi, J. Marques-Hueso, K.W. Kr¨amer, B.S. Richards (2014) Broadband Photoluminescent Quantum Yield Optimisation of Er3+-doped B-NaYF4 for Upconversion in Silicon Solar Cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 128, 18-26 (RG).
  88. M. Ru¨diger, S. Fischer, J. Frank, A. Ivaturi, B.S. Richards  K.W. Kra¨mer, M. Hermle, J.C. Goldschmidt (2014) Bifacial n-Type Silicon Solar Cells for Upconversion Applications, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 128, 57–68.
  89. S.K.W. MacDougall, A. Ivaturi, J. Marques-Hueso, B.S. Richards (2014) Measurement Procedure for Absolute Broadband IR Up-Conversion Photoluminescent Quantum Yields: Correcting for Absorption/Re-Emission, Review of Scientific Instruments 85, 063109 (RG).
  90. M. Planells, E. Klampaftis, M. Congiu, R. Shivanna, K. Venkata Rao, A.C. Jones, B.S. Richards, S.J. George, K.S. Narayan, N. Robertson (2014) Luminescent Polymer Films from Simple Processing of Coronene and Europium Precursors in Water, European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2014(19), 3095-3100 (RG).
  91. A.I. Sch¨afer, G. Hughes B.S. Richards, (2014) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: A leapfrog approach to rural water treatment in developing countries?, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 40, 542-556 (RG).
  92. K. Venkata Krishnaiah, G. Venkataiah, J. Marques-Hueso, P. Dharmaiah, C. Jayasankar, B.S. Richards (2014) Broadband near-infrared and visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+-doped tungstate-tellurite glasses, Science of Advanced Materials 6, 1–9 (RG).
  93. J. Marques-Hueso, R. Peretti, R. Abargues, B.S. Richards, C. Seassal, J.P. Martinez-Pastor (2015) Photonic crystal driven spectral concentration for up-conversion photovoltaics, Advanced Optical Materials 3(4), 568-574 (invited paper, RG).
  94. J. Shen, G. Mkongo, G. Abbt-Braun, S.L. Ceppi, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2015) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: fluoride removal in a rural community in northern Tanzania, Separation and Purification Technology 149, 349-361.
  95. A. Boccolini, E. Favilla, M. Tonelli, B.S. Richards, R.R. Thomson (2015) Highly efficient upconversion in Er3+-doped BaY2F8 single crystals: dependence of quantum yield on excitation wavelength and thickness, Optics Express 23(15), A903–A915 (RG).
  96. L. Majula, N.R. Mlyuka, M.E. Samiji, R.S. Bryce, D.Y. Kim, S.H. Kim, H.J. Lee, H.J. Choi (2015) Spin-coated kesterite CZTS thin films for photovoltaic applications, Journal of the Korean Physical Society 67(6): 1078–1081.
  97. K. Venkata Krishnaiah, J. Marques-Hueso, K. Suresha, G. Venkataiah, B.S. Richards, C. Jayasankar (2016) Spectroscopy and near infra-red upconversion of Er3+-doped TZNT glasses, Journal of Luminescence 169(Part A): 270–276. (RG)
  98. D.A. Hardy, S.C. Roaf, B.S. Richards (2015) Integrating photovoltaic cells into highly decorative architectural glass using traditional glass-painting techniques and fluorescent dyes, International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 10(6), 863–879 (RG).
  99. B.S. Richards, D.P.S. Cap˜ao, W.G. Fru¨h, A.I. Sch¨afer (2015) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Impact of solar irradiance fluctuations on performance of a brackish water reverse osmosis system, Separation and Purification Technology 156(2): 379-390.
  100. J. Shen, B.S. Richards, A.I. Sch¨afer (2016) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Case study of St. Dorcas borehole in Tanzania demonstrating fluoride removal via nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, Separation and Purification Technology 170: 445–452.
  101. F. Vu¨llers, G. Gomard, J.B. Preinfalk, E. Klampaftis, M. Worgull, B.S. Richards, H. H¨olscher, M.N. Kavalenka (2016) Bioinspired superhydrophobic highly transmissive films for optical applications, Small 12: 6144-6152.
  102. M. Oldenburg, A. Turshatov, D. Busko, S. Wollgarten, M. Adams, N. Baroni, A. Welle, E. Redel, C. W¨oll, B.S. Richards, I.A. Howard(2016) Photon upconversion at crystalline organic-organic heterojunctions, Advanced Materials 28: 8477-8482.
  103. W. Yan, S. Dottermusch, C. Reitz, B.S. Richards (2016) Hexagonal arrays of round-head silicon nanopillars for surface anti-reflection applications, Applied Physics Letters 109, 143901.
  104. M. Zettl, O. Mayer, E. Klampaftis, B.S. Richards (2016) Host polymer investigation for luminescent solar concentrators, Energy Technology, doi: 10.1002/ente.201600498.
  105. A. Turshatov, D. Busko, N. Kiseleva, S. Grage, I.A. Howard, B.S. Richards (2017) Room-temperature high-efficiency solid-state triplet-triplet annihilation up-conversion in amorphous poly(olefin sulfone)s, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9: 82808286.
  106. L.R. Wilson, E. Klampaftis, B.S. Richards (2017) Enhancement of power output from large-area luminescent solar concentrator with 4.8× light concentration factor via solar cell current matching, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, doi: 10.1109/JPHOTOV.2017.2668606.
  107. B.S. Richards, J. Shen, A.I. Sch¨afer (2016) Water energy nexus perspectives in the context of photovoltaic-powered decentralized water treatment systems, Energy Technology, doi: 10.1002/ente.201600728.
  108. G. Gao, A. Turshatov, I.A. Howard, D. Busko, R. Joseph, D. Hudry, B.S. Richards (2017) Up-conversion photonic markers for plastic recycling and anti-counterfeiting: A review, Advanced Sustainable Systems (accepted).
  109. W. Yan, Z. Tao, M. Gu, B.S. Richards (2017) Photocurrent enhancement in textured ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells via periodic silver nanoarrays produced via nano-imprint lithography, Solar Energy (submitted).
  110. M. Quintanilla, E. Hemmer, J. Marques-Hueso, S. Rohani, R.R. Zamani, V. Roddatis, F. L´egar´e, B.S. Richards, F. Vetrone (2017) Underlying phenomena ruling photoluminescence quantum yield in upconverting nanoparticles, Energy & Environmental Science (submitted).
  111. G.E. Arnaoutakis, E. Favilla, M. Tonelli, B.S. Richards (2017) Concentrating up-conversion solar cells with BaY2F8:30%3+, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (submitted).
  112. G. Gao, D. Busko, Sandra Kauffmann-Weiss, A. Turshatov, I.A. Howard, B.S. Richards (2017) Finely-tuned NIR-to-visible up-conversion in La2O3:Yb3+,Er3+ microcrystals with high quantum yield, Journal of Materials Chemistry C (submitted) (invited paper).
  113. W. Yan, B.S. Richards (2017) Silicon phononics for photovoltaic applications, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics (submitted).