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Hendrik Hölscher

PD Dr. Hendrik Hölscher

Biomimetic Surfaces and Scanning Probe Technologies
Phone: +49 721 608-22779
hendrik hoelscherJgw1∂kit edu

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Institute of Microstructure Technology
Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1
76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen

Title Type Semester Lecturer
Lecture WS
Lecture SS

Publications PD Dr. Hendrik Hölscher

Below please find my publications. The list of articles and book contributions contains items since 2008 and is searchable (see the box on the right). For a complete list and/or statistics please follow this link to my Research Id and Google Scholar.


  • M. Röhrig, M. Schneider, G. Etienne, M. Worgull, H. Hölscher (DE 10 2012 110 048): Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung eines Formkörpers mit mindestens zwei hierarchisch zueinander angeordneten Strukturebenen.
  • H. Hölscher, S. Solares: Cantilever with paddle for operation in dual-frequency mode (US 2011/0067150) Verfahren zur Messung der mechanischen und adhäsiven Eigenschaften einer Oberflächen gleichzeitig zu ihrer Abbildung mittels Rasterkraftmikroskopie
  • H. Hölscher, M. Worgull: Formkörper, Verfahren zu seiner Herstellung und seine Verwendung (PCT/EP 2009/007528) Verfahren zur Herstellung von hierarchischen Gecko-artigen Strukturen auf der Nano-Skala.
  • H. Hölscher, J.-E. Schmutz, M. M. Schäfer: Colloid-Sensor (PCT/EP 2007/010596). Herstellung eines Sensors zur Messung von Adhäsion und mechanischen Eigenschaft auf der Nano-Skala.


  • H. Hölscher, U. D. Schwarz: Papers from the 12th International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy (NC-AFM 2009), 10-14 August 2009, Yale University, New Haven (CT), USA. Erschienen in: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Volume 28 (2010), pp. C4A1 – C4E39
  • U. D. Schwarz, H. Hölscher, R. Wiesendanger: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Non-Contact Atomic Force Microscopy, 16-19 July 2000, Hamburg Germany. Erschienen in: Applied Physics A, Supplemental to Volume 72 (2001), pp. S1 - S143

Articles and Book Contributions

Topographic cues guide the attachment of diatom cells and algal zoospores.
Xiao, L.; Finlay, J. A.; Röhrig, M.; Mieszkin, S.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.; Callow, J. A.; Callow, M. E.; Grunze, M.; Rosenhahn, A.
2018. Biofouling, 34 (1), 86–97. doi:10.1080/08927014.2017.1408801
Disordered diffraction gratings tailored by shape-memory based wrinkling and their application to photovoltaics.
Schauer, S.; Schmager, R.; Hünig, R.; Ding, K.; Paetzold, U. W.; Lemmer, U.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.; Gomard, G.
2018. Optical materials express, 8 (1), 184-198. doi:10.1364/OME.8.000184
Dry adhesives from carbon nanofibers grown in an open ethanol flame.
Lutz, C.; Syurik, J.; Shyam Kumar, C. N.; Kübel, C.; Bruns, M.; Hölscher, H.
2017. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 8, 2719–2728. doi:10.3762/bjnano.8.271
Bioinspired phase-separated disordered nanostructures for thin photovoltaic absorbers.
Siddique, R. H.; Donie, Y. J.; Gomard, G.; Yalamanchili, S.; Merdzhanova, T.; Lemmer, U.; Hölscher, H.
2017. Science advances, 3 (10), e1700232. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700232
Custom-Designed Glassy Carbon Tips for Atomic Force Microscopy.
Zakhurdaeva, A.; Dietrich, P.-I.; Hölscher, H.; Koos, C.; Korvink, J.; Sharma, S.
2017. Micromachines, 8 (9), Art. Nr. 285. doi:10.3390/mi8090285
Scalable and controlled self-assembly of aluminum-based random plasmonic metasurfaces.
Siddique, R. H.; Mertens, J.; Hölscher, H.; Vignolini, S.
2017. Light: Science and Applications, 6 (7), Art. Nr. e17015. doi:10.1038/lsa.2017.15
Selective filtration of oil/water mixtures with bioinspired porous membranes.
Zeiger, C.; Kumberg, J.; Vüllers, F.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.; Kavalenka, M. N.
2017. RSC Advances, 7 (52), 32806-32811. doi:10.1039/C7RA05385A
Bio-inspired, large scale, highly-scattering films for nanoparticle-alternative white surfaces.
Syurik, J.; Siddique, R. H.; Dollmann, A.; Gomard, G.; Schneider, M.; Worgull, M.; Wiegand, G.; Hölscher, H.
2017. Scientific reports, 7, Art. Nr.: 46637. doi:10.1038/srep46637
Bio-inspired micro-to-nanoporous polymers with tunable stiffness.
Syurik, J.; Schwaiger, R.; Sudera, P.; Weyand, S.; Johnsen, S.; Wiegand, G.; Hölscher, H.
2017. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 8, 906–914. doi:10.3762/bjnano.8.92
Copper atomic-scale transistors.
Xie, F.; Kavalenka, M. N.; Röger, M.; Albrecht, D.; Hölscher, H.; Leuthold, J.; Schimmel, T.
2017. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 8, 530–538. doi:10.3762/bjnano.8.57
Adaptable bioinspired special wetting surface for multifunctional oil/water separation.
Kavalenka, M. N.; Vüllers, F.; Kumberg, J.; Zeiger, C.; Trouillet, V.; Stein, S.; Ava, T. T.; Li, C.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2017. Scientific reports, 7, Art. Nr.: 39970. doi:10.1038/srep39970
Tunnel Magnetoresistance Sensors with Magnetostrictive Electrodes: Strain Sensors.
Tavassolizadeh, A.; Rott, K.; Meier, T.; Quandt, E.; Hölscher, H.; Reiss, G.; Meyners, D.
2016. Sensors, 16 (11), 1902. doi:10.3390/s16111902
Colour formation on the wings of the butterfly Hypolimnas salmacis by scale stacking.
Siddique, R. H.; Vignolini, S.; Bartels, C.; Wacker, I.; Hölscher, H.
2016. Scientific reports, 6, 36204. doi:10.1038/srep36204
Dynamic of cold-atom tips in anharmonic potentials.
Menold, T.; Federsel, P.; Rogulj, C.; Hölscher, H.; Fortágh, J.; Günther, A.
2016. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 7, 1543–1555. doi:10.3762/bjnano.7.148
Bioinspired Superhydrophobic Highly Transmissive Films for Optical Applications.
Vüllers, F.; Gomard, G.; Preinfalk, J. B.; Klampaftis, E.; Worgull, M.; Richards, B.; Hölscher, H.; Kavalenka, M. N.
2016. Small. doi:10.1002/smll.201601443
Microstructures of superhydrophobic plant leaves - inspiration for efficient oil spill cleanup materials.
Zeiger, C.; Silva, I. C. R. da; Mail, M.; Kavalenka, M. N.; Barthlott, W.; Hölscher, H.
2016. Bioinspiration & biomimetics, 11 (5), Art. Nr.: 056003. doi:10.1088/1748-3190/11/5/056003
Seeing Down to the Bottom: Nondestructive Inspection of All-Polymer Solar Cells by Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy.
Cui, Z.; Sun, J.; Landerer, D.; Sprau, C.; Thelen, R.; Colsmann, A.; Hölscher, H.; Ma, W.; Chi, L.
2016. Advanced materials interfaces, 3 (18), Art.Nr.:1600446. doi:10.1002/admi.201600446
Tailored probes for atomic force microscopy fabricated by two-photon polymerization.
Göring, G.; Dietrich, P.-I.; Blaicher, M.; Sharma, S.; Korvink, J. G.; Schimmel, T.; Koos, C.; Hölscher, H.
2016. Applied physics letters, 109 (6), 063101. doi:10.1063/1.4960386
Haften wie ein Gecko.
Greiner, C.; Hölscher, H.
2016. Physik in unserer Zeit, 47 (3), 116-122. doi:10.1002/piuz.201601422
Tunable Diffractive Optical Elements Based on Shape-Memory Polymers Fabricated via Hot Embossing.
Schauer, S.; Meier, T.; Reinhard, M.; Röhrig, M.; Schneider, M.; Heilig, M.; Kolew, A.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2016. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 8 (14), 9423-9430. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b00679
Exploring and Explaining Friction with the Prandtl-Tomlinson Model.
Schwarz, U. D.; Hölscher, H.
2016. ACS nano, 10 (1), 38-41. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b08251
Robust high-resolution imaging and quantitative force measurement with tuned-oscillator atomic force microscopy.
Dagdeviren, O. E.; Götzen, J.; Hölscher, H.; Altman, E. I.; Schwarz, U. D.
2016. Nanotechnology, 27 (6), 065703. doi:10.1088/0957-4484/27/6/065703
Programmable and self-demolding microstructured molds fabricated from shape-memory polymers.
Meier, T.; Bur, J.; Reinhard, M.; Schneider, M.; Kolew, A.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2015. Journal of micromechanics and microengineering, 25, 065017/1-8. doi:10.1088/0960-1317/25/6/065017
Bioinspired air-retaining nanofur for drag reduction.
Kavalenka, M. N.; Vüllers, F.; Lischker, S.; Zeiger, C.; Hopf, A.; Röhrig, M.; Rapp, B. E.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2015. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7, 10651-10655. doi:10.1021/acsami.5b01772
Fabrication of hierarchical photonic nanostructures inspired by Morpho butterflies utilizing laser interference lithography.
Siddique, R. H.; Hünig, R.; Faisal, A.; Lemmer, U.; Hölscher, H.
2015. Optical materials express, 5 (5), 996-1005. doi:10.1364/OME.5.000996
A scanning probe microscope for magnetoresistive cantilevers utilizing a nested scanner design for large-area scans.
Meier, T.; Förste, A.; Tavassolizadeh, A.; Rott, K.; Meyners, D.; Gröger, R.; Reiss, G.; Quandt, E.; Schimmel, T.; Hölscher, H.
2015. Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 6, 451-461. doi:10.3762/bjnano.6.46
Shape-memory polymers as flexible resonator substrates for continuously tunable organic DFB lasers.
Schauer, S.; Liu, X.; Worgull, M.; Lemmer, U.; Hölscher, H.
2015. Optical materials express, 5 (3), 576-584. doi:10.1364/OME.5.000576
Cold-Atom Scanning Probe Microscopy: An Overview.
Günther, A.; Hölscher, H.; Fortagh, J.
2014. Fundamentals of Picoscience. Hrsg.: K. Sattler, 287–302, CRC Press, London
Calibration of quartz tuning fork spring constants for non-contact atomic force microscopy: Direct mechanical measurements and simulations.
Falter, J.; Stiefermann, M.; Langewisch, G.; Schurig, P.; Hölscher, H.; Fuchs, H.; Schirmeisen, A.
2014. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 5 (1), 507-516. doi:10.3762/bjnano.5.59
Nanothermoforming of hierarchical optical components utilizing shape memory polymers as active molds.
Schneider, N.; Zeiger, C.; Kolew, A.; Schneider, M.; Leuthold, J.; Hölscher, H.; Worgull, M.
2014. Optical materials express, 4 (9), 1895-1902. doi:10.1364/OME.4.001895
Length-dependent thermal transport along molecular chains.
Meier, T.; Menges, F.; Nirmalraj, P.; Hölscher, H.; Riel, H.; Gotsmann, B.
2014. Physical Review Letters, 113, 060801/1-5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.060801
Nanofur for biomimetic applications.
Röhrig, M.; Mail, M.; Schneider, M.; Louvin, H.; Hopf, A.; Schimmel, T.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2014. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 1, 1300083/1-10. doi:10.1002/admi.201300083
Wood-based microhaired superhydrophobic and underwater superoleophobic surfaces for oil/water separation.
Kavalenka, M. N.; Hopf, A.; Schneider, M.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2014. RSC Advances, 4 (59), 31079-31083. doi:10.1039/C4RA04029E
Staying sticky: contact self-cleaning of gecko-inspired adhesives.
Mengüc, Y.; Röhrig, M.; Abusomwan, U.; Hölscher, H.; Sitti, M.
2014. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 11, 20131205. doi:10.1098/rsif.2013.1205
Hot embossing and thermoforming of biodegradable three-dimensional wood structures.
Worgull, M.; Schneider, M.; Röhrig, M.; Meier, T.; Heilig, M.; Kolew, A.; Feit, K.; Hölscher, H.; Leuthold, J.
2013. RSC Advances, 3 (43), 20060-20064. doi:10.1039/c3ra42642d
Self-sensing atomic force microscopy cantilevers based on tunnel magnetoresistance sensors.
Tavassolizadeh, A.; Meier, T.; Rott, K.; Reiss, G.; Quandt, E.; Hölscher, H.; Meyners, D.
2013. Applied physics letters, 102 (15), 153104/1-4. doi:10.1063/1.4801315
Hot pulling and embossing of hierarchical nano- and micro-structures.
Röhrig, M.; Schneider, M.; Etienne, G.; Oulhadj, F.; Pfannes, F.; Kolew, A.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2013. Journal of micromechanics and microengineering, 23 (10), 105014/1-7. doi:10.1088/0960-1317/23/10/105014
Theoretical and experimental analysis of the structural pattern responsible for the iridescence of Morpho butterflies.
Siddique, R. H.; Diewald, S.; Leuthold, J.; Hölscher, H.
2013. Optics express, 21 (12), 14351-14361. doi:10.1364/OE.21.014351
Field ion microscopy characterized tips in noncontact atomic force microscopy: Quantification of long-range force interactions.
Falter, J.; Langewisch, G.; Hölscher, H.; Fuchs, H.; Schirmeisen, A.
2013. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 87 (11), 115412/1-9. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.115412
Influence of the Ga content on the optical and electrical properties of CuIn₁₋ₓGaₓSe₂ thin-film solar cells.
Zhang, Z.; Witte, W.; Kiowski, O.; Lemmer, U.; Powalla, M.; Hölscher, H.
2013. IEEE journal of photovoltaics, 3 (2), 823-827. doi:10.1109/JPHOTOV.2012.2228297
Atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy. Scanning probe techniques.
Hölscher, H.; Falter, J.; Schirmeisen, A.
2012. Kaufmann, E.N. [Hrsg.] Characterization of Materials Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley and Sons, 2.Ed., 2012 Online Resource. doi:10.1002/0471266965.com150
Scanning Probes : Cold atoms feel the force.
Hölscher, H.
2012. Nature nanotechnology, 7 (8), 484-485. doi:10.1038/nnano.2012.108
Reevaluation of the beneficial effect of Cu(In,Ga)Se₂ grain boundaries using Kelvin probe force microscopy.
Zhang, Z.; Tang, X.; Kiowski, O.; Hetterich, M.; Lemmer, U.; Powalla, M.; Hölscher, H.
2012. Applied Physics Letters, 100 (20), 203903/1-4. doi:10.1063/1.4714905
3D direct laser writing of nano- and microstructured hierarchical gecko-mimicking surfaces.
Röhrig, M.; Thiel, M.; Worgull, M.; Hölscher, H.
2012. Small, 8, 3009-3015. doi:10.1002/smll.201200308
Analysis of untreated cross sections of cu(In,Ga)Se₂ thin-film solar cells with varying Ga content using Kelvin probe force microscopy.
Zhang, Z.; Tang, X.; Lemmer, U.; Witte, W.; Kiowski, O.; Powalla, M.; Hölscher, H.
2011. Applied Physics Letters, 99 (4), 1-3. doi:10.1063/1.3607954
Measuring wear by combining friction force and dynamic force microscopy.
Schmutz, J. E.; Fuchs, H.; Hölscher, H.
2010. Wear, 268, 526-532. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2009.09.010
Temperature dependence of atomic-scale stick-slip friction.
Jansen, L.; Hölscher, H.; Fuchs, H.; Schirmeisen, A.
2010. Physical Review Letters, 104, 256101/1-4. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.256101
Dynamic modes of atomic force microscopy.
Schirmeisen, A.; Anczykowski, B.; Hölscher, H.; Fuchs, H.
2010. Bhushan, B. [Hrsg.] Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology 3rd rev.and extended ed. Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2010 Incl.DVD Also publ.online, 731-62
Numerical analysis of dynamic force spectroscopy using a dual-oscillator sensor.
Solares, S. D.; Hölscher, H.
2010. Journal of vacuum science & technology / B, 28 (3), C4E1-C4E11. doi:10.1116/1.3305338
The effective quality factor at low temperatures in dynamic force microscopes with Fabry-Perot interferometer detection.
Hölscher, H.; Milde, P.; Zerweck, U.; Eng, L. M.; Hoffmann, R.
2009. Applied Physics Letters, 94 (22), 223514/1-3. doi:10.1063/1.3149700
Simulation of magnetic exchange force microscopy by the example of Fe/W(001).
Lazo, C.; Hölscher, H.; Caciuc, V.; Heinze, S.
2009. Morita, S. [Hrsg.] Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy Vol.2 Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2009 (Nano Science and Technology), 287-301
Force field spectroscopy in three dimensions.
Schirmeisen, A.; Hölscher, H.; Schwarz, U. D.
2009. Morita, S. [Hrsg.] Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy Vol.2 Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2009 (Nano Science and Technology), 95-119
Probing the magnetic exchange forces of iron on the atomic scale.
Schmidt, R.; Lazo, C.; Hölscher, H.; Pi, U. H.; Caciuc, V.; Schwarz, A.; Wiesendanger, R.; Heinze, S.
2009. Nano Letters, 9, 200-204. doi:10.1021/nl802770x