The shaping of functional materials at the highest achievable resolution is a highly dynamic endeavour that benefits from advances in photonics, chemistry, and a wide range of material deposition processes.
Additive manufacturing is especially interesting for its ability to avoid waste. Molecular assembly can span the length scales and achieve large area coverage. Modern materials science breaks with convention to yield functional materials that start as resists and achieve unusual functionality. The patterning of heterogeneous materials over all length scales achieve previously unheard of functionality through metamaterial arrangements. At IMT we pay particular attention to upscaling towards macroscale applications.